The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pharmacokinetics of aziridinylbenzoquinone (AZQ) was studied following i.v. and intraventricular drug administration. Initial studies were performed in six rhesus monkeys with chronic indwelling Ommaya reservoirs. Following intraventricular administration of 0.2 mg of AZQ, elimination was monoexponential with half-lives of 32 and 39 min in ventricular and lumbar CSF, respectively. AZQ clearance (0.2 ml/min) was 5-fold greater than estimated CSF bulk flow, indicating that transcapillary passage and/or metabolism may be important clearance mechanisms for this drug. In spite of its rapid clearance from ventricular CSF, a substantial peak AZQ concentration was achieved in lumbar CSF (12 µm), which was 7 times higher than the peak ventricular CSF level (1.7 µm) achieved following i.v. AZQ administration (16 mg/sq m). Moreover, the mean area under the CSF concentration-time curve in ventricular CSF was 20-fold greater following intraventricular versus i.v. AZQ dosing, despite an 80-fold-lower dose. AZQ was not detectable in plasma (<0.06 µm) following intraventricular administration. No animals demonstrated clinical evidence of acute neurotoxicity.
Subsequently, intraventricular AZQ was administered to a patient with refractory meningeal leukemia. Intraventricular AZQ (0.5 mg) resulted in a peak ventricular (56 µm) CSF level which was 80-fold higher than ventricular CSF levels achieved following systemic AZQ administration of a dose of 24 mg/sq m in humans. Moreover, intraventricular AZQ yielded substantial CSF levels without detectable plasma concentrations. These data suggest that intraventricular administration of AZQ is feasible and may have pharmacological advantages over systemic administration for the treatment of meningeal neoplasia.
↵1 To whom requests for reprints should be addressed, at Room 13N240, Building 10, Pediatric Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20205.
- Received September 6, 1983.
- Accepted January 5, 1984.
- ©1984 American Association for Cancer Research.