Tiazofurin (2-β-d-ribofuranosylthiazole-4-carboxamide), a new nucleoside antimetabolite, was evaluated in a phase I trial involving children with refractory cancers. The drug was administered i.v. as a 10-min infusion daily for 5 consecutive days repeated at 3-week intervals. The dose ranged from 550 to 3300 mg/sq m/day. Seventeen patients received 23 courses and were evaluable for toxicity. The maximally tolerated dose was 2200 mg/sq m/day. The major dose-limiting toxicities were nonhematological. Neurotoxicity, including headache, drowsiness, and irritability, was common and was the principal dose-limiting toxicity at the higher doses. Severe myalgias were also dose limiting in one patient. Other side effects were mild, reversible elevations in serum transaminases; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; mild hypertension; dysphagia; and exfoliative dermatitis of the hands and feet. Myelotoxicity was not significant. The pharmacokinetics of tiazofurin was studied in 16 patients. Plasma disappearance was triphasic with half-lives of 9.7 min, 1.6 h, and 5.5 h. Clearance was dose related, ranging from 120 ml/min/sq m at 550 mg/sq m/day to 70 ml/min/sq m at 3300 mg/sq m/day. The primary route of elimination was renal with 85% of the drug recoverable in the urine as the parent compound in the 24 h following administration.
↵1 To whom requests for reprints should be addressed, at Bldg. 10, Room 13N240, Pediatric Branch, Division of Cancer Treatment, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20205.
- Received February 21, 1985.
- Revision received May 21, 1985.
- Accepted June 25, 1985.
- ©1985 American Association for Cancer Research.