We have conducted a Phase I and pharmacological study of flavone acetic acid, one of a series of novel flavonoids. The drug was administered i.v. weekly for 4 weeks, with a 2-week rest and then repeated. Flavone acetic acid was given initially in a 1-h infusion, but at the 3900-mg/m2 dose level, the infusion time was lengthened to 3 h. A total of 31 patients were treated with 9 different dose levels, ranging from 330 to 6400 mg/m2. Dose-limiting toxicity was acute hypotension that began after about one-third of each drug dose had been infused and rarely lasted more than a few minutes after the infusion was discontinued. In addition, subjective fatigue and asthenia causing unacceptable patient discomfort was dose limiting. A significant side effect noted that was not dose limiting was diarrhea during the infusion. This drug exhibited nonlinear pharmacokinetic behavior. Plasma levels exceeded 300 µg/ml during the infusion at the maximally tolerated dose. After the infusion ended the principal half-life was about 2 h. In 24-h urine collections 27% of the flavone acetic acid dose was recovered as intact drug and an additional 37% was recovered as a metabolite. The maximally tolerated dose determined in this study is 6400 mg/m2 given i.v. over 3 h.
↵2 To whom requests for reprints should be addressed, at Section of Medical Oncology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307.
- Received February 2, 1988.
- Revision received June 17, 1988.
- Accepted July 19, 1988.
- ©1988 American Association for Cancer Research.