We have demonstrated (A. Taghian et al., Cancer Res., 53: 5012–5017, 1993) that the take rate of human xenografts in the s.c. tissue of severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice is significantly higher than that of nude mice. Earlier, this laboratory reported that the transplantability of tumor xenografts was significantly higher for intracranial (i.c.) injection than for s.c. injection in nude mice. The purpose of this study is to assess: (a) the relative i.c. transplantability of human and murine tumors in comparison with s.c. tissue in SCID mice; (b) the relative i.c. transplantability in SCID mice in comparison to nude mice; and (c) the influence of whole-body irradiation on i.c. transplantability of SCID and nude mice.
The assay based on the number of cells required to transplant tumors into 50% of recipients (TD50) was used to describe the transplantability assays. Five human and four murine tumor cell lines were used. Concurrent TD50 assays were performed i.c. in whole-body irradiated and non-irradiated SCID and nude mice. Serial 2–10-fold dilutions of cells were injected in a 10-µl volume into the right parietal lobe 3 mm below the skin. The results showed that in all tumors studied the i.c. TD50s were significantly lower than the s.c. TD50s by a factor of 1.7–1580. The average enhancement ratio (s.c. TD50/i.c. TD50) in nude mice was twice that in SCID mice. No significant difference was found between the i.c. TD50s in SCID and in nude mice, contrary to the significant difference in s.c. TD50s between both strains of mice (A. Taghian et al., Cancer Res., 53: 5012–5017, 1993). Whole-body irradiation did not significantly affect the i.c. TD50 in nude mice; however, it did affect two of three xenografts in SCID mice.
In conclusion, despite the significantly lower s.c. TD50s of human xenografts in SCID mice, i.c. TD50s were almost similar to those of NCr/Sed-nu/nu nude mice. This suggests the presence of different immunoreactivities between nude and SCID mice in s.c. transplantability; however, for i.c. transplantability, nude mice behaved equally as well as SCID mice. The significant enhancement ratio in SCID mice is further evidence that this strain of mice displays a residual systemic immunoreactivity, although the immunoreactivity is significantly lower than that of nude mice.
↵1 This work was supported in part by Grant DHHS CA13311 awarded by the National Cancer Institute, Department of Health and Human Services; the Association pour la Recherche Contre le Cancer (ARC) in France; and the Phillip Foundation.
↵2 To whom requests for reprints should be addressed.
↵3 Andres Soriano Professor of Radiation Oncology, Harvard Medical School.
- Received April 7, 1993.
- Accepted August 10, 1993.
- ©1993 American Association for Cancer Research.