Timeline of advances in surgery.
Super-radical surgery. A, head and neck; B, forequarter amputation; C, radical mastectomy; D, hemipelvectomy; E and F, hemi-corporectomy.
Bernard and Edwin Fisher—1957.
Interrelationship of hematogenous and lymphatic tumor cell dissemination—1966.
Experimental evidence of the dormant tumor cell—1959.
Support for the alternative hypothesis: survival outcome similar for mastectomy, lumpectomy and radiation, or lumpectomy alone.
Advances in cancer surgery according to tumor site
Halstedian concepts of cancer biology (1894)
The Fisher (alternative) hypothesis of tumor biology (1968)
Current technology used in cancer surgery
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