Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequent cancers and leading cause of cancer mortality in the developed world. Twin study has attributed about 35% of the etiology of sporadic CRC to genes. Hitherto, more than 20 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were associated with CRC risk. Most of these index SNPs however have small effect sizes and often located in gene deserts. Thus they are unlikely to be causal. Haplotype-based methods may offer a more powerful approach to disease gene mapping. We previously performed a GWAS on 2,000 ethnicity-, age-, and gender-matched Singapore Chinese CRC patients and healthy controls using the Affymetrix SNP 6 platform. Sporadic patients were defined as aged 50 or more at the time of surgery and with no dominant family history of CRC. Haplotype block detection was performed in Golden Helix SVS after this SNP6 dataset was filtered for genotype call rate (>95%), Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in the controls and principal component analysis. Block detection was performed requiring strong linkage disequilibrium between block pairs, minor allelic frequencies (MAF) of SNPs more than 0.01, the maximum number of markers and length of the block at 30 and 160kb respectively. Genome-wide, 73,333 blocks were computed using 336, 466 markers on 22 autosomes. Haplotype frequencies were estimated using the EM algorithm. Chi-Squared and logistic regression with odds ratio tests of haplotype association were performed using these pre-computed blocks on a per-haplotype basis. Three candidate loci at chromosomes 3, 15 and 20, each with 6 to 9 SNPs and sizes ranging from 4 to 15 kb achieved genome-wide significance and encompass potential novel disease genes. These loci are currently being validated in an independent replication panel using the Fluidgm SNPtype assays and pooled analyses will be performed.
Citation Format: Peh Yean Cheah, Lai Fun Thean, Yik Ying Teo, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, Min Hoe Chew, Choong Leong Tang. Genome-wide haplotype association tests identified three candidate loci associated with sporadic colorectal cancer risk in Singapore Chinese. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 107th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2016 Apr 16-20; New Orleans, LA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2016;76(14 Suppl):Abstract nr 2559.
- ©2016 American Association for Cancer Research.