Endothelin receptor A (ETAR) promotes tumorigenesis by stimulating cell proliferation, migration and survival. However, the mechanism of ETAR in promoting tumor growth is largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that ETAR stimulates colon cell proliferation, migration, and tumorigenesis through the activation of YAP/TAZ, two transcription co-activators of the Hippo tumor suppressor pathway. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) treatment induced YAP/TAZ dephosphorylation, nuclear accumulation, and transcriptional activation in multiple colon cancer cells. ETAR stimulation acted via downstream G-protein Gαq/11 and Rho GTPase to suppress the Hippo pathway, thus leading to YAP/TAZ activation, which was required for ETAR-induced tumorigenesis. Overall, these results indicate a critical role of the YAP/TAZ axis in ETAR signaling.
- Received December 5, 2016.
- Revision received February 22, 2017.
- Accepted February 27, 2017.
- Copyright ©2017, American Association for Cancer Research.