Table 4.

Cause-specific mortality risk in 1956 to 1999 by DDT exposure category as defined by job, adjusted by age at exit for follow-up, age at first exposure, and ethnicity, with reference to the unexposed subcohort

Unexposed (Pyr: 40,187.88)All exposed (Pyr: 113,340.16)Bystanders (Pyr: 44,957.71)Applicators (Pyr: 68,382.45)
nRR (95% CI)nRR (95% CI)nRR (95% CI)nRR (95% CI)
All deaths8881.0 (—)2,1490.8 (0.7-0.9)8070.8 (0.8-0.9)1,3420.8 (0.7-0.8)
All cancers2281.0 (—)5730.9 (0.8-1.0)2401.0 (0.8-1.2)3330.8 (0.7-1.0)
Stomach cancer111.0 (—)451.4 (0.7-2.7)131.1 (0.5-2.4)321.6 (0.8-3.3)
Liver cancer211.0 (—)510.9 (0.5-1.4)200.9 (0.5-1.7)310.8 (0.4-1.4)
Pancreas cancer91.0 (—)220.8 (0.4-1.8)90.9 (0.3-2.2)130.8 (0.3-1.9)
Lung cancer681.0 (—)1500.8 (0.6-1.1)781.1 (0.8-1.5)720.6 (0.4-0.8)
Prostate cancer241.0 (—)470.7 (0.4-1.1)140.6 (0.3-1.2)330.7 (0.4-1.2)
Bladder cancer111.0 (—)341.0 (0.5-2.1)111.0 (0.4-2.3)231.0 (0.5-2.1)
Lymphatic cancer201.0 (—)350.7 (0.4-1.1)120.6 (0.3-1.2)230.7 (0.4-1.3)
Leukemia81.0 (—)180.9 (0.4-2.2)60.8 (0.3-2.3)121.1 (0.4-2.8)
Neurologic diseases81.0 (—)220.8 (0.3-1.7)101.0 (0.4-2.6)120.6 (0.2-1.4)
Diabetes221.0 (—)330.5 (0.3-0.9)140.6 (0.3-1.2)190.5 (0.3-1.9)
Cardiovascular diseases2581.0 (—)6320.8 (0.7-0.9)2290.8 (0.7-1.0)4030.8 (0.7-0.9)
NMRD881.0 (—)950.7 (0.5-0.9)600.8 (0.6-1.1)350.5 (0.4-0.8)
Liver cirrhosis211.0 (—)591.0 (0.6-1.6)251.1 (0.6-1.9)340.9 (0.5-1.6)