Table 1.

Advances in cancer surgery according to tumor site

Breast
    1890Radical mastectomyW. Halsted
Esophagus
    1880EsophagectomyA. Billroth
    1913Thoracic resectionF. Torek
Gynecologic
    1809OophorectomyE. McDowell
    1898Radical hysterectomyE. Wertheim
Head and neck
    1906Radical dissectionG. Crile
Larynx
    1873LaryngectomyA. Billroth
    1920ResectionW. Trotter
Lung
    1912First lobectomyH. M. Davies
    1929One-stage lobectomyH. Brunn
    1931Total pneumonectomyR. Nissen
    1933First one-stage pneumonectomyE. Graham
    1939Segmental resectionE. Churchill
Nervous system
    1910CraniotomyH. Cushing
    1912Cordotomy for painE. Martin
    1920sTrans-sphenoidal craniotomyH. Cushing
Pancreas
    1935PancreaticoduodenectomyA. Whipple
Prostate
    1904Radical excisionH. Young
    1956Trans-sacral removalB. Vallett
Rectum
    1878ResectionR. von Volkman
    1908Abdominoperineal resectionW. Miles
    1950sSphincter-saving OperationT. Bacon
Skin
    1952ChemosurgeryF. Mohs
Stomach
    1881First gastrectomyA. Billroth
Thyroid
    1909Thyroidectomy (for goiter)T. Kocher