Table 5

Maximum occupational carcinogen exposure levels at different time periods for cases and controls from Nordic countries and Italy

Time period with respect to CA testExposure levelaNo. of cases + controls ≤5 yr before CA test
No exposureGroups A (low exposure), B, and CGroup A (intermediate or high exposure)Missing exposure data
Nordic countriesb
>5 yr beforeNo exposure18 + 832 + 72 + 40 + 0
Other exposure8 + 2921 + 901 + 80 + 0
Medium or high exposure4 + 135 + 3225 + 760 + 0
Missing exposure data2 + 100 + 11 + 04 + 10
AfterNo exposure32 + 1264 + 53 + 131 + 1
Other exposure0 + 222 + 1183 + 110 + 2
Medium or high exposure0 + 21 + 623 + 610 + 0
Missing exposure data0 + 51 + 10 + 33 + 7
Italyc
>5 yr beforeNo exposure6 + 141 + 81 + 60 + 4
Other exposure2 + 526 + 872 + 40 + 0
Medium or high exposure7 + 167 + 327 + 490 + 0
Missing exposure data1 + 20 + 20 + 02 + 16
AfterNo exposure13 + 3113 + 513 + 230 + 4
Other exposure0 + 018 + 651 + 60 + 0
Medium or high exposure0 + 00 + 12 + 240 + 0
Missing exposure data3 + 63 + 124 + 62 + 16
  • a See Table 2 <$REFLINK> for definition of the occupational exposure levels.

  • b Ninety-three incident cancer cases and 363 controls were assessed.

  • c Sixty-two deceased cancer cases and 245 controls were assessed.