Table 1.

Selected cancer risk factors by use of cholesterol-lowering drugs in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort in 1997

Men, %Women, %
Risk factorNever use (n = 45,343)Former use (n = 2,252)Current use, <5 y (n = 7,169)Current use, ≥ 5 y (n = 5,295)Never use (n = 58,962)Former use (n = 3,135)Current use, <5 y (n = 6,144)Current use, ≥ 5 y (n = 4,955)
Age, y
 <604.02.83.22.313.96.49.15.1
 60–6950.142.754.450.251.745.755.046.6
 70–7941.850.640.444.833.747.035.447.4
 ≥ 804.23.92.02.80.70.90.60.9
Race
 White97.896.998.197.997.696.597.697.8
 Black1.01.60.50.81.21.91.41.2
 Other1.21.41.41.31.11.71.01.0
Education
 < High school7.18.26.76.24.15.84.75.0
 High school graduate18.218.617.917.430.033.733.435.0
 Some college25.127.326.125.231.731.731.232.0
 College graduate22.421.422.724.520.116.117.616.6
 Graduate school26.724.025.926.013.511.912.210.7
 Unknown0.60.40.70.70.60.70.80.7
Cigarette smoking
 Never34.530.430.127.956.055.353.553.4
 Current, <40 y0.91.00.80.81.61.61.41.8
 Current, ≥40 y4.54.13.43.23.74.63.53.4
 Former, quit <20 y19.023.823.323.314.816.518.019.0
 Former, quit ≥20 y39.338.240.742.722.720.922.321.2
 Former, unknown y1.72.61.72.11.21.01.31.2
BMI, kg/m2
 <22.512.110.49.67.726.119.615.916.0
 22.5–<25.022.823.121.523.521.820.521.419.9
 25.0–<27.527.829.528.829.718.420.121.021.0
 27.5–<30.015.815.317.417.810.112.212.713.5
 ≥30.013.913.414.514.314.418.019.521.0
 Unknown7.68.38.07.19.19.79.58.7
Physical activity (METs/wk)
 < 3.514.315.510.911.113.514.913.314.6
 3.5–<4.58.67.87.98.110.110.811.210.7
 4.5–<1428.628.829.130.132.231.933.334.0
 14–<24.530.329.833.933.527.926.527.226.6
 ≥24.510.710.510.910.78.97.67.77.1
 Unknown7.57.67.36.57.38.27.37.0
NSAID use (pills/m)
 None34.425.417.718.236.633.427.727.2
 1–1423.823.322.622.424.121.522.221.9
 15–298.58.66.97.78.37.37.17.2
 30–5914.618.324.724.610.713.314.114.7
 ≥607.47.67.67.89.09.49.49.9
 User, unknown amount11.416.720.519.411.215.219.519.1
Elevated cholesterol34.091.491.698.041.696.797.599.4
Heart disease history12.734.749.049.74.712.319.320.0
Diabetes history9.213.213.513.45.19.510.512.9
Hypertension38.453.055.455.234.548.854.157.1

NOTE: Percentages standardized to the age distribution of the study population.