Table 1.

Age-adjusted adolescent and adult characteristics in 1997 by adolescent inflammatory dietary pattern, NHS II

Inflammatory patterna
Quintile 1Quintile 2Quintile 3Quintile 4Quintile 5
N9,0179,0359,0449,0609,048
Age in years in 1997b42.4 (4.7)42.2 (4.7)42.2 (4.7)42.2 (4.7)42.0 (4.6)
BMI at age 18 (kg/m2)20.8 (2.6)20.9 (2.7)21.0 (2.8)21.2 (2.9)21.6 (3.2)
Height (inches)64.9 (2.6)64.9 (2.6)64.9 (2.6)64.9 (2.6)64.9 (2.6)
Adolescent physical activity (MET-hour/week)54.1 (37.0)51.4 (36.1)52.2 (36.4)52.5 (36.6)54.3 (37.9)
Age at menarche (years)12.4 (1.5)12.5 (1.4)12.4 (1.4)12.4 (1.4)12.3 (1.4)
BMI in 1997 (kg/m2)24.9 (5.3)25.2 (5.4)25.5 (5.6)26.2 (6.0)27.3 (6.8)
Weight gain since age 18 (pounds)23.7 (27.1)25.4 (26.8)26.7 (27.4)29.2 (29.6)33.0 (32.6)
Adult physical activity (MET-hour/week)22.8 (26.6)19.5 (23.1)18.9 (23.3)18.0 (22.3)17.2 (21.1)
Nulliparous, %2220191921
Age at first birth (years)27.0 (4.7)26.7 (4.6)26.5 (4.5)26.2 (4.5)25.9 (4.6)
Number of children among parous women2.2 (0.9)2.3 (0.9)2.3 (0.9)2.3 (0.9)2.2 (0.9)
Ever use oral contraceptives, %8082838485
Family history of breast cancer, %2221212020
History of benign breast disease, %1615161616
Adolescent dietary intake
 Total calories in adolescence2,293 (726)2,436 (660)2,668 (658)2,937 (663)3,408 (719)
 Regular soda (servings/day)0.2 (0.4)0.3 (0.4)0.4 (0.5)0.5 (0.7)0.9 (1.1)
 Diet soda (servings/day)0.2 (0.5)0.2 (0.5)0.3 (0.6)0.4 (0.7)0.6 (1.2)
 Refined grains (servings/day)1.5 (1.1)1.9 (1.2)2.2 (1.3)2.7 (1.4)3.3 (1.6)
 Red meat (servings/day)0.6 (0.5)0.7 (0.4)0.9 (0.4)1.0 (0.5)1.2 (0.6)
 Processed meat (servings/day)0.3 (0.4)0.4 (0.4)0.5 (0.4)0.6 (0.4)0.9 (0.7)
 Margarine (servings/day)0.5 (0.7)0.6 (0.8)0.8 (0.9)1.1 (1.1)1.6 (1.4)
 Corn (servings/day)0.2 (0.1)0.2 (0.2)0.3 (0.2)0.3 (0.2)0.4 (0.2)
 Other vegetables (servings/day)0.4 (0.4)0.4 (0.3)0.4 (0.3)0.4 (0.4)0.4 (0.4)
 Fish (servings/day)0.2 (0.3)0.2 (0.3)0.2 (0.3)0.3 (0.3)0.4 (0.6)
 Leafy vegetables (servings/day)0.7 (0.6)0.4 (0.4)0.4 (0.4)0.3 (0.4)0.3 (0.4)
 Yellow vegetables (servings/day)0.7 (0.7)0.4 (0.5)0.4 (0.4)0.4 (0.4)0.4 (0.4)
 Cruciferous vegetables (servings/day)0.5 (0.5)0.3 (0.3)0.3 (0.3)0.2 (0.3)0.2 (0.3)
 Coffee (servings/day)0.4 (0.9)0.2 (0.3)0.1 (0.4)0.1 (0.3)0.1 (0.3)
Early adult dietary intake
 Total calories in adulthood1,547 (671)1,589 (648)1,647 (659)1,705 (694)1,794 (746)
 Regular soda (servings/day)0.3 (0.7)0.4 (0.8)0.4 (0.8)0.5 (0.9)0.6 (1.1)
 Diet soda (servings/day)0.8 (1.2)0.8 (1.3)1.0 (1.3)1.1 (1.5)1.4 (1.8)
 Refined grains (servings/day)1.3 (0.9)1.3 (1.0)1.4 (1.0)1.5 (1.0)1.7 (1.2)
 Red meat (servings/day)0.4 (0.3)0.5 (0.3)0.6 (0.4)0.6 (0.4)0.7 (0.5)
 Processed meat (servings/day)0.2 (0.2)0.2 (0.2)0.2 (0.3)0.2 (0.3)0.3 (0.3)
 Margarine (servings/day)2.6 (1.9)2.8 (1.9)3.0 (1.9)3.2 (1.9)3.4 (1.9)
 Corn (servings/day)0.1 (0.2)0.1 (0.1)0.2 (0.2)0.2 (0.2)0.2 (0.2)
 Other vegetables (servings/day)0.6 (0.7)0.5 (0.5)0.5 (0.5)0.5 (0.5)0.5 (0.6)
 Fish (servings/day)0.3 (0.3)0.3 (0.2)0.3 (0.2)0.3 (0.2)0.3 (0.4)
 Leafy vegetables (servings/day)0.8 (0.8)0.7 (0.6)0.6 (0.5)0.6 (0.6)0.7 (0.6)
 Yellow vegetables (servings/day)0.6 (0.7)0.5 (0.5)0.5 (0.5)0.5 (0.5)0.5 (0.6)
 Cruciferous vegetables (servings/day)0.5 (0.5)0.4 (0.4)0.4 (0.4)0.4 (0.4)0.4 (0.4)
 Coffee (servings/day)1.7 (1.8)1.6 (1.7)1.5 (1.7)1.5 (1.8)1.5 (1.8)
  • NOTE: Values are means (SD) or percentages and are standardized to the age distribution of the study population.

  • aThe inflammatory pattern is characterized by higher intake of sugar-sweetened and diet soft drinks, refined grains, red and processed meat, margarine, corn, other vegetables, and fish and lower intake of green leafy vegetables, yellow vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, and coffee.

  • bValue is not age-adjusted.